Visit Stonehenge. History, Mystery and Similar Structures
Do you want to find out why people visit Stonehenge? Well, I would say because is mystical, non-rational and mysterious.
Located in Wiltshire, southern England, Stonehenge is a distinctive ancient monument, situated at the core of a remarkably abundant archeological landscape. It is an exceptional reference for the study of paleology. Many ancient items found during excavations at the World Heritage Site can be admired at the visitor center. Here are a few of them:
Antler pick- Dated 3000 BC
Arrowhead- Dated 2500 BC
Grape cup- Dated 1800 BC
Polisher ax- Dated 4000 BC
Battleax- Dated 2200 BC
Visit Stonehenge circle and stop by the visitor center to discover even more.
Before Stonehenge, there was a structure formed by 5 cavities, dated between 8500 and 7000 BC, in the Mesolithic period.
The first known important event related to the construction of Stonehenge was the making of a round duct, in C 3000 BC. The enclosure had about 100m in diameter and the scholars discovered that around 150 people were buried within.
In 2500 BC, two types of stones were planted at the core of the monument: the massive sarsens and the smaller bluestones. After around 300 years, the bluestones were rearranged and the Avenue canal was built, linking Stonehenge with Avon River. Today, each standing stone measures around 13 feet (4m) high and 7 feet (2.1m) wide.
The monument was privately owned until 1918, when it was gifted to the nation, by Cecil Chubb. Nowadays, the English Heritage is responsible for Stonehenge and its maintenance, on behalf of The Crown.
The mystery around Stonehenge
Even though the 5000 years old stone circle has been thoroughly studied by experts for hundreds of years, even today, our understanding of the henge is still limited. Questions like “How the stones were carried over 140 miles at that time?” or “What was the purpose of the stone monument?” are raising a perpetual veil of mystery around Stonehenge. Here are some of the theories regarding the monument:
- Magically built by Merlin, the wizard
- Thought a UFO landing space
- A massive symbol of fertility
- An esoteric ritual center
- Thought an astronomical predicting instrument
- It had the role of a calendar
- Believed a healing place
- Perhaps a cosmic portal
Visit Stonehenge and other similar structures
Even though Stonehenge is the most known megaliths structure in the world, it is not the only one. Perhaps it was only better advertised and promoted. Here are other 8 structures around the world, from Russia to the Mediterranean that probably you have never heard about:
- Dolmens of North Caucasus in Russia- Constructed between 3000 and 2000 BCE
- Rujm el-Hiri in Israel- Constructed around 3000 BCE
- Drombeg stone circle in Ireland- Constructed around 1100 BCE
- Rollright Stones in England- Constructed around 4000 BCE
- Carnac Stones in France- Constructed around 4500 BCE
- Taulas of Menorca in Spain- Constructed between 3000 and 1000 BCE
- Callanish Stones in Scotland- Constructed between 4000 and 2000 BCE
- Merry Maidens Stone Circle in Cornwall- Constructed between 4000 and 2000 BCE
We will probably never know the whole truth about Stonehenge’s origin, but that makes it even more fascinating.